Articles tagged by algos
Profit & Loss's Scandinavia conference was a great success which once again provided some really good discussions over a range of issues from regulation and conduct, through macro-economics, to intelligent execution and liquidity.
I would love at this point to provide you all with a cutting edge analysis of some of the key themes but I am afraid the event was over-shadowed by one discovery, which was clearly the creation of a local market expert and genuinely in one of the funniest things I have seen in FX circles for quite a while
When discussing the future of the FX industry finding consensus amongst market participants about what the market will look like and how it will function can be challenging.
Yet one thing that appears to be broadly agreed upon is that the use of algorithms for executing trades is likely to continue growing in the coming years, as technology continues to evolve and firms look for new ways to minimise their market impact when trading.
Indeed, the use of algos is often prescribed as the answer to a market where it is becoming harder to execute in size and buy side firms are increasingly concerned about this issue of market impact.
Where to start? Well I will get to those industry “experts” who have been arguing with me for the past two weeks (actually months) that liquidity is great in FX later, for now let’s kick off by getting to the crux of the issue. This is not necessarily about whether algos ran wild, or someone ran an option barrier, this is about a(nother) fundamental breakdown of the FX market structure.
The time has come to accept that what happened Friday morning in Asia is a mess of our own making; to take our heads out of the sand and at least acknowledge there is a problem with liquidity in FX markets.
In recent years the sell side has justifiably been criticised for its behaviour in the FX market. But should regulators and market participants be taking a closer look at how the buy side operates in this market? Galen Stops reports.
The FX industry has been rocked by a number of scandals in recent years and in many cases the implications of these scandals is only now coming home to roost.
Two of the largest custodian banks in the world, BNY Mellon and State Street, have agreed $714 million and $530 million settlements, respectively, related to allegations they systematically set disadvantageous rates for their customers in contrast to their claims to be achieving best execution for them.
Petra Wikstrom, global head of Execution and Alpha solutions at BNP Paribas, talks to Profit & Loss about why FX TCA benefits from “a pragmatic engineering approach”.
Profit & Loss: When it comes to producing meaningful TCA, what are the big data challenges facing market participants?
Petra Wikstrom: Over the last five years we’ve seen a constant uptick in the electronification of FX, but the number of venues offering FX liquidity has increased far beyond that, which means that similar volumes are now offered across more venues.
Dealers are scratching their heads over a sharp move higher in EUR/USD in early Asian trading after the pair moved 130 points in one minute, before reversing.
Dealers say the move occurred just before 8.40 Tokyo time and saw the pair rise from 1.0520 to 1.0651 in a fraction over a minute, before reversing to 1.0575 over the next two minutes. There are reports of the pair trading at 1.0695, however traders spoken to professed no knowledge of the trade.
Isaac Lieberman, CEO of Aston Capital Management, talks to Profit & Loss deputy editor, Galen Stops, why it’s hard to find uncorrelated markets to trade right now.
“Volatility is very compressed right now because there’s a lot of central bank activity and markets are very highly correlated,” says Lieberman.
He adds that the FX market needs a “theme” that will cause it to break away from other markets, but that in the meantime “we’re certainly waiting for volatility to return”.
Lieberman says it’s become very hard to find uncorrelated markets, with equities, rates and FX all trading in unison and therefore dampening volatility. One reason for these correlations is the lack of interest differentials, but he also highlights central bank intervention as another factor that is causing this.
As part of the public service duty of this column (and especially as a warning to any stag parties thinking of going there dressed as Robin Hood and his Merry Men), I feel the need to point out that a law exists in York, England, that says it is legal to murder a Scotsman within the ancient city walls, but only if said Scot is carrying a bow and arrow.
Clearly this is a law that has no basis in reality and is backward looking – however it is only slightly worse than MiFID2 when viewed through the prism of the FX market.
A new survey released by JP Morgan, which almost 200 institutional FX traders took part in at the end of last year, shows that although just 12% of respondents currently use algorithms for trading, 38% plan to increase algo usage in 2017.
This, in and of itself is not necessarily a surprising statistic. Numerous market commentators have been predicting for a few years now that more institutional FX trades will employ algorithms for a variety of reasons. These include navigating an increasingly fragmented liquidity landscape, helping firms to minimise their market impact, providing a more auditable trading record, and potentially enabling buy side firms to take on more risk themselves as some banks drift towards a more agency-focused business model.
Pragma Securities has expanded its algorithmic trading platform, Pragma360, to include NDF products.
While the latest Bank for International Settlements (BIS) survey in 2016 showed that spot FX trading was down 19% compared to three years previous, it also showed that the NDF market grew by 5.3% over the same time period.
The growth of the NDF market, as well as the fact that these products increasingly trade electronically, is what prompted Pragma to start offering algorithmic tools for trading them, Curtis Pfeiffer, chief business officer at Pragma, tells Profit & Loss.
A number of factors, including the increased need for an audit trail for FX execution and a desire to limit market impact, are driving the adoption of algorithmic execution tools amongst buy side firms, says Petra Wikström, global head of execution and alpha solutions at BNP Paribas.
Although Wikström says that the continuing automation and electronification of the FX market naturally leads to more firms broadly using algos as one of their execution tools, there are other specific factors driving the adoption of algo tools by the buy side.
Closer scrutiny of the data associated with the sterling flash crash reveals some surprising results, argues Paul Aston, CEO of Tixall Global Advisors.
Speaking after delivering a presentation at Profit & Loss’ Forex Network New York conference, Aston explains that his firm replicated the environment of the FX market during the sterling flash crash on a simulator.
“In the course of doing that you have to get very close to the data, analyse every tick, and what we discovered was it really wasn’t the headline grabbing price movement that we saw in the flash crash, where you’re printing all the way down to 1.13 handles, it was right before that which was the most surprising bit of data,” he says.
Although Greg Wood, SVP, global industry operations and technology at the Futures Industry Association (FIA), says that technology is increasingly causing FX to trade in smaller sizes, he explains that experience in other asset classes shows that this doesn’t necessarily mean that liquidity is diminishing.
With more trading firms using algorithmic execution tools to slice up large FX orders into smaller amounts to reduce market impact, this could potentially create a cyclical pattern where the amount of small orders going through exacerbates the impact of larger orders, forcing firms to execute in smaller and smaller sizes.
“It is to a degree a vicious circle and to a degree we’ve seen it happen in other asset classes, such as futures and equities,” says Wood.
JP Morgan has released the results of its e-Trading Trends for 2018 survey, which was taken among more than 400 institutional traders – the majority being FX – in October 2017.
The survey indicates strong growth in the use of mobile trading apps as well as renewed optimism that client uptake of algorithmic execution strategies will emerge in 2018.
The headline finding from the survey is that 61% of respondents say they are likely to use a mobile app for FX trading, more than double the 31% who said the same in the 2017 survey.
As mobile trading continues to grow in popularity, Scott Wacker, global head of e-commerce sales and marketing at JP Morgan, talks about how client demands for this product have changed.
Profit & Loss: How have you seen client demands regarding mobile trading evolve in recent years?
Scott Wacker: Initially, it was about showing clients what was going on in the market. We felt that there were a lot of traders who might be trading on our platform who would go into meetings and then want to monitor the markets during those meetings. So we looked at mobile as a way of differentiating our platform from competitors by offering them access to this market data.
Mark Goodman, head of electronic execution, E&C, at UBS, talks about the latest addition to the bank’s algo suite.
Profit & Loss: UBS recently launched a new algo, called ORCA-Direct. Can you tell us a bit more about the design and logic behind it?
Mark Goodman: ORCA-Direct came about when we were trying to improve the technology available to our FX voice traders as they execute risk in the market. As a general rule, the more liquidity they can access the better, so we made sure that we’re connected to the core ECNs and now have six on our platform
Currenex is shifting the focus of its white label business to increasingly target regional and mid-tier banks, citing a number of broader industry-wide trends for this change.
Traditionally, Currenex has focused on selling its institutional grade technology infrastructure to brokerage firms, which then re-brand it in order to provide FX trading services to their own customers.
The most recent example of this is the institutional platform launched by the retail broker Oanda at the start of May, which will utilise a branded version of Currenex’s HTML trading front-end.
Broadway Technology is extending its full software stack to support firms trading cryptoassets.
“We’re basically taking our entire software stack - which is already asset class agnostic - and making it available to both buy side and sell side firms that are trading cryptos. Fundamentally, what we’re trying to do is provide institutional market participants with much better software and access to what is a pretty volatile and challenging space for them to trade in,” explains Tyler Moeller, co-founder and CEO of Broadway.
This software stack can be used to power a firm’s entire risk management, trade management and e-commerce capabilities - meaning that it can be used for order routing, algo execution, quoting prices, hedging and risk and credit management.
FX markets are largely seen as mature in terms of market structure and technology, but what about fixed income markets? Colin Lambert talks to Steve Toland, founder of TransFICC about the complexities and challenges involved in modernising these markets.
He finds that while fixed income markets are behind FX markets in terms of market structure and automation, they are catching up quick, but the biggest challenge is the sheer breadth and complexity of products traded - often on the same desk.
BNP Paribas has seen a raft of departures from it’s FX algo team over the past few months.
Profit & Loss understands that in London Silviu Vlasceanu, a senior quantitative analyst, Farzana Nanji, who worked in FX automated client execution, Tom Appleton, the head of FX algo execution, Ismail Zekhnini, an e-FX algo trader and Shameer Subedar, who worked within the e-FX algo team developing agency based algos, have all left the bank. In addition, sources indicate that in Singapore, Ashvin Parkash, head of e-distribution for Asia who was part of the same team, has also left BNP Paribas.
360T has announced the expansion of its algo suite.
“The need to enhance our integrated solutions with the continued innovation of our bank partners has never been more important for our clients, we are excited about this investment – now with over 60 Algo strategies, this will ensure our customers have access to market leading solutions in their execution decisions, as part of their 360T solution,” says Carlo Kölzer, CEO of 360T.
The 360T Algo suite is integrated into clients’ existing workflow via 360T TEX and the 360T EMS, which offers advanced workflow solutions, liquidity and compliance tools to the institutional and corporate market.
In an environment in which liquidity has become increasingly commoditised, how do FX trading platforms offering access to this liquidity differentiate themselves?
This was the question put to Jill Sigelbaum, head of FXall, Refinitiv, during a recent video interview with Profit & Loss.
Sigelbaum responded that providing transaction cost analysis (TCA) and pre-trade analytics tools are examples of ways that platforms can offer increased value to clients, but also highlighted a number of other services that are being developed.
“What really differentiates us, and I think how we move forward, is the pre-trade workflow, the artificial intelligence that we plan to use around analysing the post-trade data so that we can make suggestions to clients, automating the process as much as possible without actually trading for our clients,” she said.
Ian Daniels, executive director, head of e-FX distribution, EMEA, at Nomura, talks about algorithmic trading trends in the FX market.
Profit & Loss: Since you joined Nomura, you’ve been working on developing the bank’s algo offering, what are the latest developments there?
Ian Daniels: Our algos are now live on Bloomberg and will soon be live on a number of other major third party venues. I think that one of the benefits of being a later entrant into this space is that you have the experience of previous roll-outs to draw upon. So we knew that access to liquidity and the customisability of our algos would be important characteristics for our clients and that’s why we created algos that enable clients to execute in a default mode or that can be tailored to meet their specific needs.
In the Profit & Loss 2018 Digital FX Awards, Barclays was the winner of the “One to Watch in 2018” category and, looking back now at the end of the year, it seems that the bank might be on its way to justifying this decision.
After a couple of years during which there was a clear slowdown in terms of product development within Barclays’ e-FX franchise, the bank appears to be shifting onto the front foot again.
It has made a raft of senior appointments within its FX business this year, with Alex Shterenberg hired as global head of G10 and EM e-FX trading, Jeremy Monnier as a managing director, Fabio Madar as the global head of G10 FX trading and distribution, James Hassett as global head of EM macro trading, and Mauricio Sada-Paz as global head of e-FICC product and distribution.
Mary Leung has joined State Street as the global head of client algos in FX.
Based in London, she will report into Jim Foster, global head of e-FX trading, and her responsibilities will include growing the client algorithms business within e-FX, developing the business strategy, design of the trading algorithms, liquidity analysis and selection, and pre- and post-trade transaction cost analysis (TCA).
With more than 13 years' experience in banking, Leung joins State Street from Deutsche Bank, where she was a lead quant of the FX and listed derivatives algorithmic execution business. Prior to this, she held major roles in building FX algos at both Bank of America Merrill Lynch and Citi.