Tag: NDFs

NDFs

Citi Report Advocates New FXPB Pricing Model

New regulations will increase the cost of FX prime brokerage (FXPBs) services and all market participants – including executing brokers (EBs) – will have to share these costs, says a new report from Citi.The report, Collateral Damage? How Uncleared Margin Rules Will Revolutionise the FXPB Business Model, argues that FXPB is entering a “new market paradigm” driven by upcoming regulatory requirements that will increase both the value proposition and the cost of the services that they provide.The Uncleared Margin Rules (UMR) alluded to in the title of the report require market participants to post and segregate initial margin (IM) for derivatives transactions, including FX forwards, swaps and options, that are traded bilaterally.

Flow Traders: Standing Out from the Crowd

Robbert Sijbrandij, head of FX at Flow Traders, talks to Galen Stops about why he thinks there’s still room for more non-bank liquidity providers in the FX market.Dutch proprietary trading firm, Flow Traders, has spent the past two years building out its FX business line. The firm trades in the region of €750- €800 billion of ETFs per year, of which roughly two-thirds has an FX angle, meaning that Flow Traders was already doing in the region of €2-3 billion of FX on a busy day before they decided to become a liquidity maker in FX.

FX Trading on SEFs Dips in February

The average daily volume (ADV) of FX traded on Swap Execution Facilities (SEFs) in February was $56.2 billion, down 8.2% month-on-month and down 5% year-on-year.Tullett Prebon was the most used SEF for FX trading last month with an ADV of $17.5 billion. It was followed by BGC, Tradition and GFI, which recorded ADVs of $11.7 billion, $10 billion and $9.8 billion, respectively.After this, the ADV figures trail off rapidly, with NEX, TRSEF and Bloomberg recording $4 billion, $1.7 billion and $1.2 billion, respectively, and all of the other SEFs reporting an average of less than $150 million per day of FX trading on their platforms.

Flow Traders: Standing Out from the Crowd

Robbert Sijbrandij, head of FX at Flow Traders, talks to Galen Stops about why he thinks there’s still room for more non-bank liquidity providers in the FX market.Dutch proprietary trading firm, Flow Traders, has spent the past two years building out its FX business line. The firm trades in the region of €750- €800 billion of ETFs per year, of which roughly two-thirds has an FX angle, meaning that Flow Traders was already doing in the region of €2-3 billion of FX on a busy day before they decided to become a liquidity maker in FX.

FXSpotStream: A Model That Works

Throughout 2018 FXSpotStream experienced a very sizable increase in trading volumes, even though it made no trading product launches on its service last year. Yes, in 2017 it added NDF/NDS products to its trading suite, and yes, in percentage terms it saw a healthy increase in trading volumes in this segment, but this still only accounts for less than 1% of the overall volume on the service. Instead, FXSpotStream’s CEO, Alan Schwarz, attributes the uptick in trading volumes to a significant increase in business from existing clients and volumes coming on line from new clients in the pipeline. At the same time, a broader shift in the market towards disclosed trading is contributing to FXSpotStream’s volume growth as is the firm’s fee structure, which sees liquidity provider banks pay a flat monthly fee to trade on the service while liquidity takers are not charged at all.

Multi-Dealer Liquidity on the Rise

Although the latest FX committee turnover data hold no terrors for other channels, a longer term trend does seem to be confirmed that more volume is heading towards the multi-dealer model, especially those on a disclosed basis. Colin Lambert takes a look.The historically clichéd method for a customer to execute an FX hedge was to call three or four banks and ask for a price. Surprisingly, even as relatively recently as late 2017 customers were still telling Profit & Loss and other industry surveys that they still preferred to pick up the phone, but more recent data suggest this is no longer the case and that customers are moving to the e-channel for their FX needs.

FXSpotStream: A Model That Works

Throughout 2018 FXSpotStream experienced a very sizable increase in trading volumes, even though it made no trading product launches on its service last year. Yes, in 2017 it added NDF/NDS products to its trading suite, and yes, in percentage terms it saw a healthy increase in trading volumes in this segment, but this still only accounts for less than 1% of the overall volume on the service. Instead, FXSpotStream’s CEO, Alan Schwarz, attributes the uptick in trading volumes to a significant increase in business from existing clients and volumes coming on line from new clients in the pipeline. At the same time, a broader shift in the market towards disclosed trading is contributing to FXSpotStream’s volume growth as is the firm’s fee structure, which sees liquidity provider banks pay a flat monthly fee to trade on the service while liquidity takers are not charged at all.

Multi-Dealer Liquidity on the Rise

Although the latest FX committee turnover data hold no terrors for other channels, a longer term trend does seem to be confirmed that more volume is heading towards the multi-dealer model, especially those on a disclosed basis. Colin Lambert takes a look.The historically clichéd method for a customer to execute an FX hedge was to call three or four banks and ask for a price. Surprisingly, even as relatively recently as late 2017 customers were still telling Profit & Loss and other industry surveys that they still preferred to pick up the phone, but more recent data suggest this is no longer the case and that customers are moving to the e-channel for their FX needs.

Cboe FX: Driven by Data

In terms of volumes, Cboe FX indisputably had a great year in 2018. It’s average daily volume for the year was $37.4 billion, it’s highest ever recorded and a 27% increase from 2017. Breaking down this figure further, the ADV on the London matching engine doubled, there was a 35% increase in trading activity during European or Asian hours, CNH trading on the platform doubled to become the sixth most actively traded currency on the platform and there was good growth in its full amount offering which accounted for $3.5 billion in Q4 of 2018, up 600% year-on-year. Discussing what prompted such an uptick in trading activity, senior staff at Cboe FX point to investments in technology and infrastructure that occurred in 2017, in addition to the fact that the full amount platform was re-built in 2018.

P&L Talk Series With: Kate Lowe

Kate Lowe, global head of trade services at State Street, talks to Profit & Loss about how new margin requirements could shape buy side behaviour in the FX market, and why 2019 is likely to be a “staging” year for many of these firms.Profit & Loss: As you’ve been talking to clients at the start of 2019, what’s been the major areas of focus for them?Kate Lowe: Well one of the big talking points at the moment is the impact that the uncleared margin rules (UMR) are going to have on the industry. In September this year, the threshold for firms that have to post initial margin for u