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Profit & Loss

And Another Thing... Naturally, when I thought about a column highlighting an area in which I am concerned the foreign exchange industry is being less than totally transparent – in an operational sense – my first thought was a Kate Spade handbag. That my thought process then led to the film Under Siege 2 is, I will confess, a little concerning, but don't worry about it too much, because both are relevant. After all, if we are selling anonymity, surely we should actually be providing it?
And Finally... OTC versus the exchange. It’s a debate in foreign exchange that is almost as old as this oldest of markets. You’ve read the arguments and listened to the debates where the argument is driven by people passionate about their preferred mechanism, and still you can't make up your mind who makes the most sense. So what should be the important drivers of this debate? What should our end goals be? Profit & Loss’s deputy editor Galen Stops may have found the answer…in Cuba.
And Another Thing... There are many reasons given for the perceived decline in liquidity conditions in FX markets in recent years and all do play a role according to a new white paper published by the BIS. But have liquidity conditions changed that much? Hasn't it always been the case that when events happen markets gap and thin out? If I am correct in this assessment then the real problem facing the FX industry is not deteriorating conditions – it's a sense of entitlement.
And Finally... ACI’s explicit support for the FX Global Code helps plug an important gap in the Code's reach – for it moves its influence beyond the developed and major emerging markets and into some real local markets. It is important that the Code reaches all market participants, so there are other gaps to be filled, not least the small private trading firms. Can we repeat the example of ACI to help reach these firms, as well as others that should be more aware of their responsibilities?
And Another Thing... If the feedback to Monday’s column is anything to go by, I can confirm that last look remains a highly emotive issue in the foreign exchange industry. It will help though, if not only some people “take a chill pill” to calm what is a highly emotive debate, but also if they read the Global Code properly and, more pertinently, understand that market making is not a charity and often the client’s own execution style can contribute to market impact.
And Finally... So my sources tell me the “fatal flaw” draft of the Global Code of Conduct is now complete and that the work is nearing its completion – only of course it is not, for as was explicitly stated at the start of the effort, the Code will be a living breathing thing that will continue evolve over time. Which is good because as I understand it, there are still contradictions within the text, not least around the subject of (deep breath) last look and pre-hedging.
And Another Thing... Monday’s column touched a nerve with its criticism of market makers that quote ridiculously large spreads. Of course, we should also question the quality of controls at a participant that allows someone (or something) to hit a big 35 big figures below the last price. Going back to market makers though, perhaps we need, using the execution quality analytics now available, to start naming and shaming the worst offenders? I personally have no problem with this and I think I would have quite a bit of support.
And Finally... Patchy liquidity and the lack of pre-positioning cannot alone account for why we get some wild moves in markets – sometimes the liquidity providers should wear some of the blame. How else do we explain spreads in Cable that are almost as wide as the entire range this decade? The lack of incentive to take any risk doesn't help, but what justification can a market maker have for quoting 50 big figures wide? At that spread, they might as well pull out of the market altogether.
And Finally... The scenario sounds familiar. A front page in the next day's UK press is released showing a Brexit-related story (in this case a second Scottish independence referendum) which is negative for the pound. Sterling starts selling off just after 10am Australian time and actually starts to sell off quite aggressively as the story spreads. A story about October 7 and the sterling flash crash? Absolutely not. It happened this morning and would have prompted a few hearts to beat faster than usual on FX trading desks.
And Another Thing... It’s not often one can turn to Italian philosopher George Santayana to offer some direction for the foreign exchange market, but I feel on this occasion it is justified, because George nailed it. There is so much noise at the moment around currency manipulation (of the “official” kind I hasten to add, not the “private” that has provided so much grief for the FX industry over the past four years) that anyone might think it's a relatively new phenomenon. It’s not.